According to Ayurveda, the human body is a creation of cosmic consciousness through five basic elements – Akash (Ether/Space), Vayu (Air), Teja (Fire), Jala (Water), and Prithvi (Earth). Further, these five elements unite each other in specific permutations and combinations to create three biological humors known as ‘Doshas’ in Ayurveda. These three doshas are Vata (Air), Pitta (Fire), andKapha (Water).
Health, as defined in Ayurveda, is a state in which the three doshas remain in balance. Any change in their equilibrium results in diseases. This state of vitiation could be analyzed in two different forms, either there is an increase in the normal levels of a dosha, or there is a decrease in its prescribed limit.
The condition, where the doshas have increased from the levels of their prescribed limits and are starting to create congestion in the channels, is where the role of Panchakarma becomes inevitable. The word‘Panchakarma’ is made up of two words – Pancha (Five) and Karma (Treatment). Panchakarma is a set of five methodologies of internal cleansing – Vamana, Virechana, Basti, Nasya and Rakta Mokshana.
Any person, who needs to be subjected to the cleansing, has to go through a protocol of preparatory procedures known as Poorva Karma. It includes a thoughtful planning of internal and external oleation. At the end of the cleansing, one has to follow a proper dietary protocol to avoid any kind of indigestion and to maximize the effect of the cleansing.
Vamana – It is a procedure in which the doshas are eliminated through the oral cavity. This procedure is mainly meant for the cleansing of vitiated Kapha. After a thorough preparation, medicines that induce vomiting are given at a particular time of the day and Kapha is enforced out of the body through vomiting. This process immediately helps in relieving the congestion from the respiratory system, hence, inducing lightness in the body
Virechana – Virechana is procedure in which doshas are eliminated through gastro intestinal tract via anal route. It is mainly meant for the cleansing of vitiated Pitta. Medicines that induce purgation are given after a careful preparation of the body at a particular time to eliminate Pitta from the body. It helps to cure chronic illnesses of GI tract, hyperacidity and skin disorders and many more.
Basti – Ayurveda considers it as one of the best cleansing therapies for its safer execution and maximum results. Basti is a procedure in which doshas are eliminated from the colon. A careful preparation of judicious mix of various herbs is given through the anal route, which after staying for sometime in the colon expels out the doshas. Basti is also given in form of oil which is called as Anuvasana Basti. It is mainly prescribed for Vata dosha.
Nasya – nasya is a procedure in which doshas are eliminated from the head, neck, and brain area. Herbal oils, juices, or decoction in a prescribed dosage is penetrated through the nasal route to increase the secretions that help in removing vitiated doshas from this part of the body. It helps to treat chronic sinusitis, rhinitis, and any other curable disease related to head, neck, and brain region.
Rakta Mokshana – as the name suggests, it is a procedure in which impure blood is removed from the body. As few Ayurveda sages believe that the blood is the fourth dosha and responsible for various diseases, it also needs to cleanse from time to time. a prescribed amount of blood is removed with the help of puncturing the vein under aseptic conditions. Traditionally leeches are used for blood purification. It helps to cure many skin diseases effectively.Leave a reply →